Church and Synagogue (30-313 AD). Parting of the Ways, European Studies in Theology, Philosophy and History of Religions, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien 2019, ISBN:978-3-631-77543-1, pp. 560.
The separation of Church from Synagogue was not a one-time act, but a long-lasting, multi-layered, and diversified process. The attempt to explain this process, namely the process of parting of the ways between Judaism and Christianity in the years 30 – 313, constitutes the main research subject of this publication.
The aim of this study is the presentation of the dynamism of Christian-Jewish relations in the first three centuries of the existence of the Church taking into account mainly historical and theological (but not only) factors which influenced these relations and finally led to the creation of two separate religions.
It must be added: religions existing side by side, in many aspects connected with each other mostly because both originate from biblical Judaism.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHURCH WITHIN JUDAISM (30 – 70 AD)
TO AN EXPULSION OF JEWS FROM ROME (30 – 49 AD)
Jerusalem – Judeo-Christian Community
Messianism of Judeo-Christians and Messianism of other Movements within Judaism
The Temple in the Eyes of Judeo-Christians and the other Jews
Understanding of the Role of the Law
The Beginning of the Apostolic Activity of Paul of Tarsus
Excursus: The Greco-Hellenistic Mentality and the Jewish Mentality
Success of Mission among the Gentiles as a Separation Factor
Philo of Alexandria and Biblical Allegory in Christian Exegesis
Acceptance of Christianity by Samaritans (c. 37 AD)
Early Christianity among Ethiopian Jews (c. 38 AD)
Riots in Jabneh (c. 40 AD).
Ban on Bringing Judeo-Christians to Alexandria? (41 AD)
Claudius’ Expulsion of Jews from Rome (c. 49 AD)
UNTIL THE FALL OF JERUSALEM (50-89 AD)
So-called Council of Jerusalem (51 AD)
Conflict with Jewish Community in Corinth (51 AD)
Intensified Persecution by Jews and Romans (approx. 60 AD). The Role of James, Brother of the Lord
Divinity of Christ and Monotheism of Judaism
Election of Israel
The Eucharist – Nourishment for Christians and Scandal for the Jews
Sabbath and the Lord’s Day
Status of Women in Judaism and the early Church
The Status of Slaves
Jesus and Judaism – through the Eyes of Mark the Evangelist
Jews, Christians and Fire in the Eternal City (64 AD)
Judaism in Qumran and Palestinian Christianity
First Jewish Revolt against the Roman Empire (66 – 70/74 AD)
The Letter to the Hebrews and Theology of Substitution
DIFFICULT PARTING – THE BEGINNINGS (71 – 135 AD)
UNTIL THE FOUNDATION OF JABNEH ACADEMY (71-89 AD)
Increasing Openness of Church to non-Jews
The Gospel according to Matthew and the Jewish Tradition
Dual Work of Luke
UNTIL THE OUTBREAK OF BAR KOKHBA REVOLT (90-131 AD)
Academy of Jabneh (c. 90 AD)
Are Christians Jewish? Rabbinic Perspective
Question of Birkat ha-minimand the Lord’s Prayer
Greek Bible in the Hands of Jews and Christians
Excursus: Palestinian (Galilean) Aramaic and Targumic Aramaic as a Separation Factor?
The Issue of Is 7:14b
Anti-Judaism of Johannine letters and exclusion from Synagogue
Apocryphal Apocalypses as witness to the Division between Church and Synagogue
Letters to Christian Communities of St Ignatius (c. 107 AD)
Around the Reference of Pliny the Younger to Christ and Christians (110 AD)
Jewish Uprisings in the Diaspora in the years 115 -117
Ebionites and Nazarenes – Jews or Christians?
Aristides of Athens about the Jews (c. 125 AD)
BAR KOKHBA REVOLT (132 – 135 AD)
ON SEPARATE WAYS (136 – 313 AD)
UNTIL THE FIRST AMORAIM (136-220 AD)
The Epistle of Barnabas(c. 138 AD)
Excursus: On Ancient Invective
The Chosen Nation in the Works of Justin Martyr (c. 140 AD)
Martyrdom for the Faith in the Second Century: Jewish and Christian View
The Case of Marcion (c. 144 AD) and the Gospel of Judas
Jewish Involvement in the Martyrdom of Polycarp of Smyrna (c. 156 AD)
Melito of Sardis’ Accusations against the Jews?
The Epistle to Diognetus(c. 180 AD) about the Jews
Activity of Rabbi Jehuda ha-Nasi.
The Oldest Latin Homily Against the Jews(c. 190 AD)
Calendar of the Jews and Christian Dispute over the Date of the Celebration of Easter
Septimius Severus against the Jews and Christians (202 AD). Tertullian
The Beginnings of Talmudic Tradition of Jesus and Christians
UNTIL THE MILANESE RESCRIPT (221-313 AD)
New Demography of Palestine in the third Century
Sages of Israel in Confrontation with Christians
The Development of Rabbinic Literature
Didascalia Apostolorumand Pseudo-Clementineson Obeying the Jewish Law
Jewish Exegetical Methods in Origen
Christian and Jewish Catacombs in Rome in the Second Half of the Third Century
Jewish Question at the Synod of Elvira (c. 303)
The Epilogue: towards the Milanese Rescript (313 AD)
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS